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I'm happy to answer any questions or give advice. If you have some ideas or experiences you would like to share, consider submitting and article for publication on the site. You can contact me at

Textual Resources

Although there is plenty of information online, you might want to consult some more formal sources. Below is a list of books that can aid your research. If you know of, or have found any new resources that are not listed here, please email me at so I can add it to the list.

  • Avery, Michael. "Stone and Fire at Hillfort Entrances of Southern Britian." World Archaeology, Vol 18, No. 2, Weaponry and Warfare, p216-230. October 1986.
  • Ballard, Lynn P.  "Making and Using the Venerable Hand Sling." In, Mother Earth News: p. 148-149. May/June 1985.
  • Ballou, James. "How to Make Twine and Braids." Wilderness Way Magazine: Volume 10, Issue 1 (Spring), p. 28-30.
  • Blackmore, Howard. "Hunting Weapons." Walker & Company, New York, 1971.
  • Blaiklock, Edward M. "The New International Dictionary of Biblical Archaeology." Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1983.
  • Byers, Gary A. "To Sling or Not to Sling/Ekron." Bible and Spade - The Associates for Biblical Research, Walkersville, Maryland. Winter 1998.
  • Cahlander, Adele.  "Sling Braiding of the Andes." Weaver's Journal Monograph IV.  Colorado Fiber Center, Boulder. 1980.
  • Campbell, Paul.  "The Chumash Sling." The Bulletin of Primitive Technology. Fall 1996.
  • Deem, Ariella. "...And the Stone Sank into his Forehead. A note on 1 Samuel XVII 49." Vetus Testamentum, Vol 28, Fasc. 3, p349-351. July 1978.
  • Edge-Partinton, J. "Hawaiian Squid-Hook Sinkers and Sling Stones." Man, Vol 17, p79-80. May 1917.
  • Foss, Clive. "Greek Sling Bullets in Oxford." Archaeological Reports, 21, 40-44. 1974.
  • Foss, Clive. "A Bullet of Tissaphernes." The Journal of Hellenic Studies, 95, 25-30. 1975.
  • Greep, S.J. "Lead Sling-Shot from Windridge Farm, St. Albans and the Use of the Sling by the Roman Army in Britain." Britannia, 18, 183-200. 1987.
  • Harding, David. (Ed.) "Weapons: An International Encyclopedia From 5000 B.C. to 2000 A.D." New York: St. Martin's Press. 1980.
  • Harrison, Chris. "The Sling in Medieval Europe." The Bulletin of Primitive Technology, Vol. 31, Spring 2006.
  • Hawkins, Walter  "Observations on the Use of the Sling, as a Warlike Weapon Among the Ancients". Printed by J.B. Nichols and Son. p. 14. London. 1847. 
  • Heizer, Robert F. and Irmgard W. Johnson.  "A Prehistoric Sling from Lovelock Cave, Nevada". American Antiquity 18(2): 139-147. October 1952.
  • Korfmann, Manfred.  "The Sling as a weapon" Scientific American 229(4): p. 34-42. October 1973.
  • Kuttab, Daoud. "A Profile off the Stonethrowers." Journal of Palestine Studies. Vol 17, No. 3, p14-23. Spring 1988.
  • Lindblom, K.G. "The Sling, Especially in Africa" p. 11, 35. Stockholm, 1940.
  • Meddelonden, Smärre. "The Sling, Especially in Africa, Additional Notes to a Previous Paper," Nr. 17, Stockholm: Statens Ethnografiska Museum, 1940.
  • Mixter, John R. "Man’s first long-range missile weapon." Military History, 18:3, August 2001.
  • Moir, J. Reed. "A remarkable Object From Beneath the Red Crag." Man, Vol 29, p62-65, April 1929.
  • Owen, Rodrick  "Braids: 250 patterns from Japan, Peru, and Beyond." Interweave Press.  Loveland, Colorado. 1995.
  • Richardson, Thom. "Ballistic Testing of Historical Weapons," Royal Armouries Yearbook 3, p. 50. 1998.
  • Rorebeck, Scott. "Adventures with a Sling" The Backwoodsman Magazine: p. 57-60. March/April 2003.
  • Savage, Cliff.  "The Sling for Sport and Survival." Breakout Productions.  Port Townsend, Washington. 1999.
  • Schwartz, Max.  "Machines, Buildings and Weaponry of Biblical Times." Old Tappan, NJ: Revell, 1990.
  • Sellers, Ovid R. "Sling Stones of Biblical Times." The Biblical Archaeologist, Vol. 2, No. 4, p41-45, December 1939.
  • Stoddard, Scott. "Ancient/Modern Weapon: The Sling." American Survival Guide: p. 58-59, May 1988.
  • Tada, Makiko. "Comprehensive Treatise of Braids II: Andean Braids."
  • Van Driel-Murray, C. "Roman Military Equipment: The Sources of Evidence" Proceedings of the Fifth Roman Military Equipment Conference, BAR International Series 476, p. 1-11. Oxford. 1989.
  • Vindolanda Research Reports, New Series Volume IV. ISBN: 1 873136 46 3. pg.12
  • Vutiropulos, Nikos. "The sling in the Aegean Bronze Age." Antiquity, 65, 279-286. 1991.
  • Zorn, E. "Sling Braiding in Macusani Area of Peru." Textile Museum Journal, p. 19, 20, 41-54, 1980-1981.

Slings are dangerous weapons; exercise caution at all times. is not liable for damages. Sling at your own risk!


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